Rand writes elsewhere that “on every fundamental issue, Kant’s philosophy is the exact opposite of Objectivism.”
In Introduction to Objectivist Epistemology, Rand challenges the root premise of Kant’s epistemology and advances her radical alternative.
“The implicit, but unadmitted premise . . . is the notion that only an ineffable consciousness can acquire a valid knowledge of reality, that ‘true’ knowledge has to be causeless, i.e., acquired without any means of cognition.
“The entire apparatus of Kant’s system, like a hippopotamus engaged in belly-dancing, goes through its gyrations while resting on a single point: that man’s knowledge is not valid because his consciousness possesses identity. . . .
“This is a negation, not only of man’s consciousness, but of any consciousness, of consciousness as such, . . . As Berkeley negated existence by claiming that ‘to be, is to be perceived,’ so Kant negates consciousness by implying that to be perceived, is not to be.”